Artavazd Peleshyan, Artavazd Pelechian, Artavazd Peleshian, Пелешян, Артавазд Пелешян, Артур Пелешян,
"My dear friend (Vartanov)... should you like the (screenplay) Desert, together we could
make a masterpiece..."
-Artavazd Peleshian (1984)
Artavazd Pelechian's Seasons of the Year (1975),
a film-essay about the contradiction and the harmony between man and nature,
was the the 2nd and the last collaboration with Vartanov, who had directed
Autumn Pastoral (1971)
from Peleshian's screenplay. In the Seasons of the Year (1975), for the first time,
Artavazd Pelechian did not use any archival footage thanks to Vartanov's
exquisite cinematography and his wizardry in the lab. The film was shown at the Berlin
International Film Festival (Berlinale), the Venice International Film Festival (La Biennale) and the International Documentary
Film Festival of Amsterdam (IDFA).
Peleshian's Seasons of the Year (1975)
is one of the 3 most important documentary films made in Armenia, along with
Sergei Parajanov's Hakop
(1967) and Vartanov's
Paradjanov: The Last Spring (1992). Seasons of the Year (1975) was voted by BFI British Film
Institute's Sight and
Sound among the Greatest Films of All Time as well as the separate poll of the
Greatest Documentaries of All Time.
The crew of the 30 minute black and white picture, also known as
Four Seasons, Seasons of the Year, Tarva Yeghanakner and
Vremena Goda, reportedly
included Tigran Mansurian (Mansuryan), who had worked with
Parajanov, Vartanov and Peleshian.
The creator of the "distance montage," Artavazd Pelechian, one of the key Soviet documentarians,
removed the boundaries of feature and documentary films,
editing both sequences as a real poetical unity - it was a new step in the development of
film editing. Even Peleshian's student work The Earth of the People 1966 and
The Begining (1967) shot at VGIK, the prestige film school in Moscow,
were awarded numerous prizes and he gained recognition among
filmmakers, such as Jean-Luc Godard. Artavazd Pelechian is the author of a
range of theoretical works, including his 1988 book "Moyo kino" ("My Cinema").
Artavazd Ashoti (Ashotovich) Peleshyan was born on the 22nd of
February, 1938 in Leninakan, Armenia, Soviet Union (USSR). Pelechian
studied at the legendary Russian film school VGIK from 1963 to 1968 and now
lives in both Armenian capital Yerevan and Russian capital Moscow.
ARTAVAZD PELESHIAN (ARTUR PELECHIAN) FILMS:
MOUNTAIN VIGIL (1964)
About the struggle of man's will and muscles against nature,
about the rock-climbers who prevent landslides and eliminate their
consequences. Director Artavazd Peleshian. (10 min)
THE EARTH OF THE PEOPLE (1966)
Praises human life and work, the everlasting beauty and expression
of human thought. Directed by Artvazd Pelechian. Black and White
THE BEGINNING (1967)
Philosophical essay about the October Revolution of
1917 in Russia, its influence on the destiny of the world
in the 20th century. Director Artavazd Peleshian. Black and White
Explores the identity and fate of the Armenian nation. Directed
by Artavazd Pelechian. Black and White (30 min).
Peleshian's perception of the inhabitants of the Earth. (10 min).
AUTUMN PASTORAL (1971)
Directed by Mikhail Vartanov, written by Artavazd Pelechian.
Color (10 min)
SEASONS OF THE YEAR (1975)
Peleshian's outstanding look at the co-existence of nature and people,
lensed in black and white by Mikhail Vartanov.
Music: Vivaldi's Four Seasons and Armenian folk. (30 min)
OUR CENTURY (1983)
A man paves his own way to his own soul through an intellectual quest,
tragedies of nations and personal drama. The road moving through the cosmic
distances is a flight into one's internal world.
This flight and this drama are revealed in this philosophical film-poem.
LIFE (1992/1993) (color)
About the beginning of life from labor pains and birth
and about its symbolic meaning. Pelechian's first color
picture (7 min).
Pelechian returned to black and white in this documentary. (10 min)
[Mikhail Vartanov and Artavazd Peleshian 1975]
"With a melodic rhythm of camera, editing and bittersweet classical music, Pelechian and Vartanov raise their film to the level of a true
symphony - the symphony of our existence." --IDFA